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gracieteoliveira [licensed for non-commercial use only] / Classe Cephalopoda. Cuvier, G. Second Mémoire sur l’organisation et les rapports des animaux à sang blanc, dans lequel on traite de la structure des Mollusques et de leur. Mollusks are divided into seven classes with most species residing in gastropoda . The class Cephalopoda is a remarkable group of mollusks.

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For Scaphopoda, the following papers, which dealt with anatomical aspects, are included: Several other shell features were researched, but were not utilized here due to an autapomorphic nature in the present sample, or because of difficulty in polarizing.

In filter-feeding lamellibranchs, however, the palps are modified to collect food from the proper pair of gills. They are inserted into the surrounding sediment in search of food, which is then captured and conducted to the mouth.

Thinness of both cephalkpoda muscles equivalent to that of shell wall, gradually becoming slightly thicker anteriorly. Locomotion in Solemya and its relatives. Retraction of postero-dorsal foot base: In other words, bivalves and scaphopod are existent, modified, special rostroconchs.

Foot edges producing a concavity turned classr, uniform, except for a ventral notch becoming a longitudinal furrow, running along ventral side of central projection. As explained in character 36, the scaphopod mouth is in the base of the conic oral tube Figs.


In fact, the solemyid mantle is fashioned in a very similar way to those of scaphopods. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway.

WoRMS – World Register of Marine Species – Cephalopoda

Outer surface smooth, glossy. Journal of Molluscan Studies74 2: Although a slit is present in the posterior mantle border of all examined scaphopods, a slit at the shell’s posterior aperture is only found in the above mentioned species.

On the primitive significance of the byssus in the Bivalvia and its effect in evolution. Mantle border slightly thicker in base of folds.


Taxonomy on the half-shell: The lobed state is something like a horse saddle that mostly covers the dorsal and lateral regions of the animal’s body. Posterior mantle flap with narrower slit Fig. Even in classr bivalve-like crustacean Conchostraca, in which the rostroconchs were previously classified e. Both longitudinal muscles running towards anterior, restricted to cephaloppda side, touching one another along median line.

Protobranchiawith notes on other nuculanids. However, the nacreous layer is absent in Scaphopoda, in bivalve Solemyidae and in several lamellibranchs, including both sampled here.

Intestine originating in dorsal gastric wall just at left of esophageal insertion Figs. The effective outgroups are 12 Neopilina Monoplacophora and 13 Hanleya Polyplacophora.


The first optimization is shown in Fig. Anus simple, sessile Figs.

Write a review Rate this item: Holotype USNM examined. Pair of palps narrow and long ppabout clsse times longer than tall, length approximately half of shell height; located about midway between anterior adductor muscle and gills’ anterior end.

However, another affinity for the Scaphopoda gradually appeared, approximating the taxon to the Gastropoda-Cephalopoda branch e. Your request to send this item has been completed. This condition state 1 is an important synapomorphy of node 1.

Those species that still bear digestive systems, even slightly reduced, still maintain suspension feeding Krueger et al. This approach is possibly based on a set of highly derived characters that modern solemyids have, which, when analyzed alone, suggest they could not be placed at the base of protobranchs. Amphineura, Scaphopoda and Bivalvia. Classification and evolution of the Clasxe The characters 13 and 14 refer to adaptations for digging. Venus65 4: Privacy Policy Terms and Conditions.

Foot and byssus Figs.

Bivalve seashells of western North America.